IDP-110 Design Guide

Overview

The IDP-110 is a satellite modem made by SkyWave. It is designed for integration into an end product rather than to be an end-product itself. Because of this, it is sold as a bare-bones PCB or as a slightly more enclosed over-shielded version.

Dev Kit

A warning, you can easily destroy the dev kit base by plugging the IDP-110 incorrectly into it’s mating connector on the base. The connector is not polarized, and you can quite easily plug it in while offset by 1 in any direction, as well as plugging it in at 180 to the correct orientation. Use the pegs provided (that screw into the base and align with the holes in the IDP-110 PCB) to prevent this!

Current Requirements

The IDP-110 draws quite a large pulse current during part of it’s transmit/receive operation. A benchtop power supply I had connected up to the IDP-110 would display 2.10-2.40A for a very brief amount of time. Note that I wouldn’t trust the benchtop PSU to display AC currents (as is this pulse) as accurate as DC ones, so this figure should not be taken too seriously. I think this current pulse is more serious that the ones drawn by cellular modems.

The largest current seemed to be drawn just before the satellite modem transitions from state 7 to state 10 (this is the status returned from the command AT S90=3 S91=1 S92=1 S122?). This is just before the modem registration message appears in the gateway.

Simple Command Sequence To Send Some Data

This serves as a simple “cheat sheet” for getting some data sent quickly without having to trawl through the IDP-110 datasheets.

I assume the hardware is powered up correctly and you’ve got a terminal setup to talk to the modem with (remember, the default speed is 9600 baud and 8-bits, no parity, and one stop bit (classic 8N1 style)).

  1. On power up, you should see the text “IsatData Pro – Modem Version x.xxx – AT Command I/F” sent the terminal, this means you are ready to go.
  2. Type  AT S90=3 S91=1 and press enter. This sets up the registers correctly so we can read back the connection status in the following steps.
  3. Now type  AT S92=1 S122?, this should print back a number (with lots of zero’s infront of it). This is the current connection status of the modem. We want to keep querying this until it gets to 10. Repeat the command AT S92=1 S122? until it returns 10.
  4. Great, we are now registered with the satellite! Now to send some data (the following example sends “Hello, world!”, type  AT%MGRT="TestMsg",2,128.0,1,"Hello, world!" 
  5. Done! Assuming everything went o.k., the preceding message should turn-up in your gateway. You can use the AT command AT&MGRS to view the status of any outgoing messages that haven’t been fully sent yet.

Finding The Time

Once the IDP-110 registers with the satellite network, you can request the UTC time from the modem with the command:

AT%UTC 

The modem will respond in the format:

%UTC: 2014-09-19 04:34:56 

UTC time is 24 hour time, so there is no a.m. or p.m. designator.

Determining If The Antenna Is Connected

The IDP-110 can work out whether an antenna is connected by measuring the DC voltage on the RF connection to the antenna. You can query the status by typing:

ATS56? 

Bit 7 of the returned number signifies the antenna status. If the bit is 0, the antenna is connected, if the bit is 1, the antenna is not connected. Take note that the modem returns the result as an ASCII decimal number (not an ASCII binary number), so when the 7th bit is 1 the returned number will be between 128-255.